Therefore, as we have already said, we again maintain, that faith remaining fixed in the believer’s breast never can be eradicated from it. Institutes of the Christian Religion, Book 3. To this effect we have already quoted passages of Scripture, as to which Augustine, their faithful expositor, exclaims (De Verbo Apost. Thus Paul, after bringing together all kinds of adversity, boasts that they cannot separate us from the love of God: and in his prayers he uniformly begins with the grace of God as the source of all prosperity. His righteousness covers your sins – his salvation extinguishes your condemnation; he interposes with his worthiness, and so prevents your unworthiness from coming into the view of God. How do we receive … The definition of it. O teacher, worthy of the pupils, whom you found in these insane raving schools! Still, whatever be the engines by which they are shaken, they either escape from the whirlpool of temptation, or remain steadfast in their place. Hence when faith is shaken, it is just as when, by the violent blow of a javelin, a soldier standing firm is forced to step back and yield a little; and again when faith is wounded, it is as if the shield were pierced, but not perforated by the blow. 24. . The whole of this subject may be better understood from the tenth chapter of the Epistle to the Hebrews, to which I have already adverted. - THE KNOWLEDGE OF GOD STIFLED OR CORRUPTED, IGNORANTLY OR MALICIOUSLY. And in like manner, in another passage, he says of himself, “I know whom I have believed, and am persuaded that he is able to keep that which I have committed unto him against that day” (2Ti_1:12). 41. Faith believes that he is our Father; hope expects that he will always act the part of a Father towards us. John Calvin considered the word of God to have “inherent efficacy” (Institutes, Book 1, Section 7), that we were to “lean and rest upon it” (Institutes, Book 3, Chapter 2, Section 7), that was is “pure” (Institutes, Book 3, Chapter 2, Section 15), that we are to “cling to the word of God” (Institutes, Book 3, Chapter 2, Section 31), and that you cannot err when you trust what is “dictated to him from … Section 3. By 1534 Calvin had converted to Protestantism, left Paris, and gave up his financial support. ‘If, therefore, the light that is in thee be darkness, how great is that darkness?’ (Mat_6:23). But how can the mind rise to such a perception and foretaste of the divine goodness, without being at the same time wholly inflamed with love to God? Then, when he bids us work out our salvation with fear and trembling, all he requires is, that we accustom ourselves to think very meanly of our own strength, and confide in the strength of the Lord. Where thy heart is, there is thy treasure also. The Mode Of Obtaining The Grace Of Christ,The Benefits It Confers And The Effects Resulting From It. Certainly things which are connected together do not mutually destroy each other. As they neither think that these proceed from the hand of the Lord, nor acknowledge them as his, or if they do so acknowledge them, never regard them as proofs of his favor, they are in no respect more instructed thereby in his mercy than brute beasts, which, according to their condition, enjoy the same liberality, and yet never look beyond it. 2-6. Section 2 – Still-born Knowledge of God. It is not said that it will be victorious in a single fight, or a few, or some one assault, but that it will be victorious over the whole world, though it should be a thousand times assailed. . I admit that, in some respect, their faith was not explicit either as to the person of Christ, or the power and office assigned him by the Father. Let us breathe again, brethren. But believers, as has been said, dread the offense even more than the punishment. Institutes of the Christian Religion, Book 3 John CALVIN (1509 - 1564), translated by Henry BEVERIDGE (1837 - 1929) Institutes of the Christian Religion is John Calvin… Not that any man has seen the Father, save he which is of God, he has seen the Father” (Joh_6:44, Joh_6:45, Joh_6:46). . . The first printing of the Institutes of the Christian Religion sold in less than a year, so in 1539 while a pastor in Strasbourg, Calvin produced a much expanded version. The resemblance between the Old Testament and the New. Still, however, we exclude not the power of God. The chief security lies in the expectation of future life, which is placed beyond doubt by the word of God. But, ascending to a loftier height, let us seek the city of God, let us seek the temple, let us seek our home, let us seek our spouse. Civil War and the Death of the Democratic Party? Faith, then, has no firm footing until it stand in the mercy of God. . The Lord desires us to expect every thing from his goodness and yet these men tell us, it is presumption to rest in it. Doubtless, if we are to determine by our works in what way the Lord stands affected towards us, I admit that we cannot even get the length of a feeble conjecture: but since faith should accord with the free and simple promise, there is no room left for ambiguity. 22. Its peculiar properties. Faith is the special gift of God in both ways – in purifying the mind so as to give it a relish for divine truth, and afterwards in establishing it therein. The righteousness of works improperly inferred from rewards. Through the fall and revolt of Adam, the whole human race made accursed and degenerate of original sin. . Faith, as Paul (declares (Eph_6:16), is our shield, which receiving these darts, either wards them off entirely, or at least breaks their force, and prevents them from reaching the vitals. Still it is true, that by rejecting the promises generally offered to them, they subject themselves to severer punishment. . And the better to display his liberality in this most excellent gift, God does not bestow it upon all promiscuously, but, by special privilege, imparts it to whom he will. . Therefore, your mind must be alternately ruled by diffidence and hope; as if we were to imagine Christ standing at a distance, and not rather dwelling in us. The definition of it. We use MailChimp as our email list platform. 1 From: John Calvin, The Institutes of the Christian Religion (Book II, Ch. The second part of the chapter containing the opinions of others. Book 1 - Chapter 1. Still happen what may, faith ceases not to long after God. Like a veil interposed, it prevents us from beholding divine masteries, which are revealed only to babes. In both, this must have been the result of faith. This delightful tranquillity is elsewhere described: “I laid me down and slept; I awaked, for the Lord sustained me” (Psa_3:5). Of repentance. For though it is only when the promises are received in faith that their efficacy is manifested, still their reality and power are never extinguished by our infidelity or ingratitude. . CHAPTER 2. 33. With what kind of confidence, pray, shall we be armed if we reason in this way – God is propitious to us, provided we deserve it by the purity of our lives? But what kind of confidence is that which is ever and anon supplanted by despair? 5, Secs. Universal belief and acknowledgement of the existence of God. The perfect happiness reserved for the elect at the final resurrection unknown to philosophers. Whatever be the miseries and calamities which await the children of God in this world, they cannot make his favor cease to be complete happiness. But, they say, it is rash and presumptuous to pretend to an undoubted knowledge of the divine will. Price: $0.00. 2. Of the eternal election, by which God has predestined some to salvation, and others to destruction. CHAPTER 4. For the mysteries of God (and to this class belong the things which pertain to our salvation) cannot be discerned in themselves, or, as it is expressed, in their own nature; but we behold them only in his word, of the truth of which we ought to be as firmly persuaded as if we held that every thing which it says were done and completed. Are those then sane who cannot obtain any certainty of the divine favor, because the carnal eye is now unable to discern it from the present appearance of the world? And yet this conduct, however vicious and reprehensible, was not devoid of faith. The opinions of others continued—viz. They are not alarmed by the fear of punishment, as if it were impending over them, but are rendered the more cautious of doing anything to provoke it. 1. Thus we are brought back to our statement, that every promise is a manifestation of the divine favor toward us. Let him who despises impute it to himself; let him who ascends not arrogate it to himself’ In another passage he asks, “Wherefore is it given to the one, and not to the other? Here, however, we give no countenance to that most pestilential philosophy which some semi-papists are at present beginning to broach in corners. Hence our Savior, when clearly declaring the mysteries of the kingdom to the two disciples, makes no impression till he opens their minds to understand the Scriptures (Luk_24:27, Luk_24:45). But because all our conceptions of the power and works of God are evanescent without the word, we are not rash in maintaining, that there is no faith until God present us with clear evidence of his grace. BOOK 3. How God may be using the Corona virus to fulfill His Prophetic plan? Romans 1:18-32 lies behind Calvin’s thinking in chapters iii-ix. ITS PECULIAR PROPERTIES. Second, of Implicit Faith, sec. The fear of the Lord, therefore, may be defined reverence mingled with honor and fear. Objection - that religion and the belief of a Deity are the inventions of crafty politicians. For by the term substance (hupostasis), he means a kind of prop on which the pious mind rests and leans. Thus it truly is. - of faith. But such is the proneness of our mind to vanity, that it can never adhere to the truth of God, and such its dullness, that it is always blind even in his light. However it may seem shaken and bent in this direction or in that, its flame is never so completely quenched as not at least to lurk under the embers. Since the nature of faith could not be better or more clearly evinced than by the substance of the promise on which it leans as its proper foundation, and without which it immediately falls or rather vanishes away, we have derived our definition from it – a definition, however, not at all at variance with that definition, or rather description, which the Apostle accommodates to his discourse, when he says that faith is “the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen” (Heb_11:1). p. 364 p. 382 chapter 4. But though you should hold that the words were addressed to elect believers, no inconsistency will follow. The principal matters in this chapter are, I. Here we must attend to the relation of faith to the word, and to salvation as its consequence. Calvin's Institutes Book I, Chapter 17.2 - 26 of 81. . The promises of the law and the Gospel reconciled. The example of Christ; and, II. Hope and fear, again, they place in complete contrast – the one falling as the other rises, and rising as the other falls. Thou callest the things which be not as though they were; and they are not, because thou callest them ‘things that be not:’ and yet they are because thou callest them. Book 3, Chapter 3, Part A. Regeneration by faith. Again “I will remember the works of the Lord; surely I will remember thy wonders of old” (Psa_77:11). ... Institutes of the Christian Religion, Book 3 . In short, if we have every earthly comfort to a wish, but are uncertain whether we have the love or the hatred of God, our felicity will be cursed, and therefore miserable. Thus, if we may judge by the event, not only do believers come off safe from every contest so as to be ready, after a short repose, to descend again into the arena, but the saying of John, in his Epistle, is fulfilled, “This is the victory that overcometh the world, even our faith” (1Jo_5:4). To me, indeed, it would be incredible, did not their own writings make it manifest. CHAPTER 3. 2, 3), I will not fatigue the reader by again repeating it. For what the Schoolmen say as to the priority of love to faith and hope is a mere dream (see Sent. In regard to Naaman, it is absurd to suppose that Elisha, while he gave him many minute precepts, said nothing of the principal matter. Our thought is, if he determined to save us we shall be delivered; and here we begin again to breathe. It is by his intervention, therefore, that love is diffused so as to reach us. the definition of it. In short, by constantly renovating and reviving, it is ever and anon furnishing more vigor for perseverance. 2) “Our Savior, to teach that faith in him is a gift, not a merit, says, ‘No man can come to me, except the Father, which has sent me, draw him,’ (Joh_6:44). 2 BOOK 3 THE WAY IN WHICH WE RECEIVE THE GRACE OF CHRIST: WHAT BENEFITS COME TO US FROM IT, AND WHAT EFFECTS FOLLOW eCHAPTER 1. For when the Apostle sets before the Corinthians the scourges which the Lord in ancient times inflicted on the people of Israel, that they might be afraid of subjecting themselves to similar calamities, he does not in any degree destroy the ground of their confidence; he only shakes off their carnal torpor which suppresses faith, but does not strengthen it. Read Institutes of the Christian Religion Book 3 from author John Calvin. The word is, in regard to those to whom it is preached, like the sun which shines upon all, but is of no use to the blind. Thus Satan, finding the devices by which he was wont to destroy the certainty of faith too manifest to be now of any avail, is endeavoring, by indirect methods, to undermine it. Chapter 3: Our Regeneration by Faith: Repentance. And they thus dread his anger, because they think it is impending over them, and they every moment expect it to fall upon their heads. John Calvin To The Reader, 1559 Subject Matter Of The Present Work Prefatory Address To King Francis I Of France BOOK 1. There is no room to make excuses here. . Thus it is that we attain to the mind of Christ: “No man can come to me, except the Father which has sent me draw him: and I will raise him up at the last day.” “Every man therefore that has heard, and learned of the Father, cometh unto me. Learn more …. And we feel that our minds always waver until, contented with the grace of God, we in it seek peace, and feel thoroughly persuaded of what is said in the psalm, “Blessed is the nation whose God is the Lord, and the people whom he has chosen for his own inheritance” (Psa_33:12). Again, “Save me,” “I hoped in thy word” (Psa_119:146, Psa_119:147). Hence there is nothing inconsistent in believers being afraid, and at the same time possessing secure consolation as they alternately behold their own vanity, and direct their thoughts to the truth of God. Election confirmed by the calling of God. ›argument - institutes of the christian religion book third. For as no man can expect any thing from God without previously believing his promises, so, on the other hand, the weakness of our faith, which might grow weary and fall away, must be supported and cherished by patient hope and expectation. The reason for this is obvious. - WHAT IT IS TO KNOW GOD,—TENDENCY OF THIS KNOWLEDGE. This the same Psalmist confirms in another passage, “Thy salvation according to thy word” (Psa_119:41). CHAPTER 5. Confirmed also by the vain endeavours of the wicked to banish all fear of God from their minds. No wonder: for seeing that the Gospel is “the ministry of reconciliation” (2Co_5:18), there is no other sufficient evidence of the divine favor, such as faith requires to know. the benefits it confers, and the effects resulting ...read › chapter 1 - the benefits of christ made available to us by the secret operation of the spirit. But it is worth while to listen to the strange reason which he adduces. He does not threaten that wrath will descend upon them; but he admonishes them, while they think how the wrath of God is prepared for the wicked, on account of the crimes which he had enumerated, not to run the risk of provoking it. What, then, does Paul mean, when he says to the Corinthians, “Examine yourselves whether ye be in the faith: prove your own selves. This he concedes not either to the precepts or the promises of the Law, since there is nothing which can establish our faith, but that free embassy by which God reconciles the world to himself. He holds out the hope of a blessed resurrection to those only who feel His Spirit dwelling in them (Rom_8:11); they imagine hope when there is no such feeling. For though they are not as to themselves, yet they are with thee according to the declaration of Paul: ‘Not of works, but of him that calleth,’” (Rom_9:11). What then? Shall every man, then, who believes that God is just in what he commands, and true in what he threatens, be on that account classed with believers? The pious mind will always rise, and be able to say with David, “Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me” (Psa_23:4). Of prayer--a perpetual exercise of faith. It is certain, however, that her desire proceeded from faith. O Father of mercies! This is too great for me: it is an abyss a depth of the cross. The daily benefits derived from it. 1-5) (Translated by Henry Beveridge) CHAPTER 5: THE ARGUMENTS USUALLY ALLEGED IN SUPPORT OF FREE WILL REFUTED. BOOK THIRD. Of original sin. To withstand these assaults, faith arms and fortifies itself with the word of God. do we not insult the Holy Spirit, when we separate faith, which is his peculiar work, from himself? Faith does not promise us length of days, riches and honors (the Lord not having been pleased that any of these should be appointed us); but is contented with the assurance, that however poor we may be in regard to present comforts, God will never fail us. 26). For when Peter says that we are “kept by the power of God through faith until salvation, ready to be revealed in the last times” (1Pe_1:5), he attributes to faith what more properly belongs to hope. Therefore since believers owe it to the favor of God, that, enlightened by his Spirit, they, through faith, enjoy the prospect of heavenly life; there is so far from an approach to arrogance in each glorying, that any one ashamed to confess it, instead of testifying modesty or submission, rather betrays extreme ingratitude, by maliciously suppressing the divine goodness. Here human discernment is so defective and lost, that the first step of advancement in the school of Christ is to renounce it (Mat_11:25; Luk_10:21). 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