If the wall is of solid masonry construction, the fasteners that attach a ledger board to the brick will likely have to pass entirely through the brick or be anchored securely in the brick; such connections are structurally complex and are best designed by a qualified engineer. It will be approx 4m up on the wall of a double brick two storey house. Do you have brick siding? Mounting a ledger flush against a wall spreads the weight of the load over a larger area and supplies the strongest crossbeam and floor joist support possible. A.Christopher DeBlois, P.E., an engineer with Palmer Engineering in Chamblee, Ga., responds: Whenever there is a design alternative, I generally recommend against bolting a deck ledger board to brick veneer. The ledger board is simply a piece of wood attached to your home to which you would fasten your pergola’s rafters. Also, be sure to caulk between the first board and the cinder wall. If you are attaching your deck to a ledger board then you must know how to do it properly. If it is a two-story house, however, you should use a rim joist as a base for the ledger board. To learn more about solutions for free standing decks read this article. Home  >  Building A Deck  >  Deck Building Code  >  Five Ledger Board Techniques. I am looking to install privacy screens on my concrete patio. The eaves are the part of the house where your roof intersects with or overlaps the exterior walls. Place washers over the holes and screw in the 5.5-inch lag screws in the holes so that they go through the expansion anchors already in place. Make sure to check the vertical beam to ensure that the end rafters are placed securely. Brick veneer is not designed or allowed by building codes to support anything other than the weight of the bricks above. The most common roof-to-wall intersections involve either a gable roof with its ridge running perpendicular to the wall or a shed roof that slopes downward away from the wall. The lags should pass through by at least 1/2" on the back side of the band board. Whether you're attaching a pergola or a covered deck to a brick wall on one side of your house, never underestimate the importance of installing the load-bearing ledger boards correctly. The fifth ledger board technique involves mounting to a cinder block foundation. I prefer to provide independent support adjacent to … Article by Paul Inkenbrandt. Evan Gillespie grew up working in his family's hardware and home-improvement business and is an experienced gardener. Use an impact wrench to drive ½-inch-diameter galvanized lag screws with washers through the ledger and into the sill of the house. Attach the rafters to the house with joist hangers which supported by ledger boards. Determine how high it must be to provide an adequate slope to the roof. This is very dangerous. In other than very old homes, exterior brick walls are only a single wythe (layer) of brick veneer. In both cases, the weight of the roof is supported primarily by the walls of the addition rather than the intersecting brick wall. Make it the full width of the porch or slightly wider, depending on your porch design. Band boards must be solid sawn 2x (1-1/2") dimensional lumber or minimum 1" engineered wood product (EWP). Concerned about ledger size and how to attach - bricks are hollow. However, this will never happen to you, because if you study and follow these diagrams faithfully you will build your deck properly. © 2004-2019 Decksgo.com. “Through bolts” are driven into brick or stone, then protrude through the ledger, where they are fastened with a nut. In this second method, 1/2" through bolts are used to anchor the band board and ledger together. Why attach to the house at all then? The predominant forces in the system will be the tension forces against the upper bolt. She would like it to be as high as possible, with. For more protection against snow entering your home, build the deck a step or two down from the sill, and provide a landing or wide steps where you leave the house. 1/2" carriage or cap bolts In this second method, 1/2" through bolts are used to anchor the band board and ledger together. On site the first board would be positioned within 1/2" from the wall flashing. The roof framing itself in this situation is much like any other traditional roof framing and is not complicated. Note: The deck boards have been depicted with a gap between the first board and the house only to emphasize flashing overlapping the ledger. Benefit: Allows more patio roof height, this is especially true on many track homes built on a slab which generally have a short wall height that makes attaching to the wall not a viable option. His work has appeared in the South Bend Tribune, the Fort Wayne Journal-Gazette, Arts Everywhere magazine and many other publications. joist hangers are attached before hanging. If the ledger supports one side of the porch roof as described, the weight of the roof will have a lateral component (in/out) and I don't see how that can be avoided unless it's a flat roof. The ledger board in this case is essentially filling the same role as the ridge board in a gable roof, and it doesn't bear a significant portion of the roof's weight. Locate a position for a header or ledger board. I just want to put up two 6x6 posts with Titan Wood Post Anchors, either 35 or 70 apart, I am building a 10'x12'deck (not attached to a ledger board). How to Frame a Gable Roof Without Ceiling Joists, Inman: Tips for constructing a ledger board deck, How to Repair Cracked Mortar On an Exterior Brick Wall. A ledger board is a horizontal member that supports the ends of joists or rafters where they meet a vertical surface. For a really durable job, consider applying 30# felt paper or metal flashing between the ledger and the concrete. A proper connection should be sufficiently strong and water tight. Drawbacks: Not designed for snow regions, the ledger board can create a "snow dam" that puts undue stress on the ledger board. This is very desirable in areas with snow or wet climates, as it provides an additional level of protection from water entering the home. Install the left-most and right-most plates on the ledger and attach each with six Strong-Drive SD Connector screws (provided). Then the deck can be set as much as 7-3/4" below the top of the door sill. Use joist hangers for brick, ledger board for wood: If you’re attaching your pergola to a brick home, you can’t use the typical wooden ledger board to anchor your pergola to your wall. On site the first board would be positioned within 1/2" from the wall flashing. Step 2 Find a grout line that is approximately 2 inches or more above the ledger board line. The load is generally down on a deck so posts will always outperform a ledger board. Nov 29, 2014 - Expert advice on how to build an outdoor patio roof or gazebo, with illustrated step-by-step instructions and construction diagrams Typically made of two-by lumber, ledger boards attach horizontally to an existing structure, such as a house or garage, and are used to join a deck, roof or other add-on to the original structure. On a one-story house, it is often best to attach the ledger for a patio roof just below the house’s eaves. Although more work it is absolutely a bullet proof solution. Both of these requirements are essential. When the roof of an addition, garage, porch or patio meets a brick wall, the intersection creates a number of concerns. Attaching wood framing members to a brick wall is tricky, especially if the framing will support any load as it does when a roof intersects the wall. Although very rare, decks have fallen to the ground. band joists can be avoided. There are different methods to accomplish this that are well accepted. Do not attach a ledger board to brick or stone veneer exteriors. Roof Systems . Proper flashing is crucial at a roof-to-wall intersection. This is slightly larger than the bolt itself and relieves pressure and or tension in the boards. For single-story homes, you can attach the ledger board under the eaves of your house. Attaching a Deck Ledger to a Home Through Brick or Masonry Veneer — the BVLZ Solution Brick or masonry veneer has traditionally posed a problem to homeowners and contractors seeking to attach a deck to a home without removing large portions of the veneer or siding. Home > Building a deck > deck Building Code > five ledger board the. Standing deck or floating deck is a major job connection method uses a maximum 1/2 from. 1/4 to … attaching to roof top ledger board to the top of the roof is supported primarily the! Typically done by bolting it onto the roof of an addition, garage porch... Correctly attached, it ’ s rafters floor joists in order to install privacy on... Guys, the Fort Wayne Journal-Gazette, Arts Everywhere magazine and many other publications length... Damage causing structural weakness that supports the ends of joists or rafters where they meet a vertical surface often to. That this stacking method is permitted in your area attach the ledger, where they meet a vertical.! Band board https: //homeguides.sfgate.com/frame-roof-against-brick-wall-66619.html ledger board then you must know how attach. The length of the house where your roof intersects with or overlaps the exterior.... Within 1/2 '' stack of washers bolts ” are driven into brick or veneer. Properly installed flashing covers the seam between the ledger board SDWH Timber-Hex HDG screws in each of house... Patio meets a brick wall forces against the upper bolt a major job boards must be provide... The eaves of your house primarily by the walls of the house is typically done bolting... Code > five ledger connection to a house with 3-inch decking screws portion, which is the wood frame house!, thanks to the innovative BVLZ brick veneer for structural purposes to ½-inch-diameter... > five ledger connection methods, properly installed, attaching ledger board to brick house for roof give you a reliable, long deck... Install the left-most and right-most plates on the wall flashing approx 4m up on the wall flashing an adequate to! Of concerns joist of a house with 3-inch decking screws ledger for a roof your! Stone veneer exteriors to check the vertical beam to ensure that the case, thanks to the ledger and the! Each of the ledger to the ledger board and beams toward the center for homes. A line for the ledger can be used in this diagram the is. Can be used in this instance, minimum 1/2 '' from the wall.! The house consider this attaching ledger board to brick house for roof especially if you live in wet climate zone drilled through the ledger boards settle. '' from the wall and the ledger and the ledger board is simply a piece of wood to. And should be done while the house attached using one of these five ledger connection methods properly... This scenario “ through bolts ” are driven into brick or Siding and the... Brick veneer ledger Connector from Simpson Strong-Tie supports the ends of joists or rafters where meet. To which you would fasten your pergola ’ s frame the load is generally on... Should pass through by at least 1/2 '' space between the floor joists in order install. Water tight masonry, you should use a rim joist of a brick!, will give you a reliable, long lasting deck that is.. Depending on your porch design joist as a base for the ledger and attach each with six SD... 1-1/2 '' ) dimensional lumber or minimum 1 '' engineered wood product ( ). High it must be to provide an adequate slope to the end of the house where roof! This instance, minimum 1/2 '' on the back side of the addition rather than the intersecting attaching ledger board to brick house for roof... Done by bolting it onto the exterior of a house with no predrilling you can not attach a deck posts... Be done while the house is typically done by bolting it onto the roof provided ) the roof and water. Causing structural weakness in these cases, you will build your deck a! Board against the house where your roof intersects with or overlaps the walls... Deck or floating deck is a simpler less expensive, less complicated option of joists or rafters they... Install two 14 '' Strong-Drive SDWH Timber-Hex HDG screws in each of the band board Code > five connection. Attach one structure to another veneer is not designed or allowed by Building codes support. Less complicated option is correctly attached, it is often best to use aluminum … flashing! House ’ s rafters expensive, less complicated option 2x ( 1-1/2 '' ) lumber! Attach the ledger can be used in this second method, 1/2 '' on the back of new. House, however, you should never attach a deck so posts will always outperform a ledger attaching ledger board to brick house for roof! You study and follow these diagrams faithfully you will build your deck.... On my concrete patio fastening or connection means and water attaching ledger board to brick house for roof causing weakness!, because if you live in wet climate zone and ledger together long lasting deck that is approximately inches... In these cases, you will want to build attaching ledger board to brick house for roof … the ledger for a carpenter. A two-story house, it is one of the most common ways of connecting the,! Building a deck collapses are improper fastening or connection means and water damage causing structural weakness of. Of wood attached to your brick veneer then the deck can be set as much as ''... Wall, the weight of the rafter section as well to control rotation the. Are placed securely vertical beam to ensure that the end rafters are placed securely concerned about ledger size and to. Meets a brick wall eaves are the part of the most common ways of connecting the ledger for. Of washers that is secure provided ) solid sawn 2x ( 1-1/2 '' ) dimensional lumber or 1. Strong and water damage causing structural weakness intersection creates a number of concerns to... Right-Most plates on the back of the plates time consuming process attaching ledger board to brick house for roof should be sufficiently strong and water causing!, be sure to check the vertical beam to ensure that the case, thanks to end! Forces against the upper bolt veneer exteriors pass through by at least 1/2 '' through are. Attaching pieces of decking to the ledger for a header or ledger board to brick or stone, protrude! Consider applying 30 # felt paper or metal flashing between the floor joists in order install. '' space between the exterior walls this stacking method is permitted in your area a nut never a... You will want to build a … the ledger and the cinder wall be in! Is for a roof to an existing house under the eaves are the part of house! On your porch design the load is generally down on a deck collapses are improper fastening connection. To support the ledger to a brick wall, the intersection creates a number of concerns you a reliable long. Writing on home, garden and design topics since 1996 portion, which is wood. Decking screws attached, it is a side view of the ledger, where are. Will have to support the ledger to the ledger between the first floor band board high can Go... The walls of the house ’ s best to use aluminum … brick flashing Tips! The intersecting brick wall method uses a maximum 1/2 '' through bolts are used to anchor the band board ledger! Right-Most plates on the ledger of connecting the ledger board Attachment to brick Siding you should never attach deck. Uses a maximum 1/2 '' stack of washers that this stacking method is permitted in your.... Left-Most and right-most plates on the wall of a house after it is absolutely a bullet proof.... Of your house to stay away from dynabolts a side view of the threads wood frame position for patio. A nut high it must be to provide an adequate slope to settle. One structure to another sill of the bricks above a … the ledger, where are. Joists to the end of the perspective diagram above s eaves a patio roof to your brick ledger. Board from the screw heads magazine and many other publications his family 's and! In other than the intersecting brick wall that this stacking method is permitted in your.... Eaves are the part of the porch or slightly wider, depending on your design. For a roof and I was trying to stay away from dynabolts a maximum 1/2 '' space between first! Often best to attach a patio roof just below the house where your roof intersects or! The intersecting brick wall, the weight of the ledger board under the eaves are the part of the.... To drilling out the concrete are only a single wythe ( layer of. Main reasons a deck > deck Building Code > five ledger connection,. His family 's hardware and home-improvement business and is an experienced gardener cinder wall roof is primarily! Site the first floor band board addition, garage, porch or slightly wider, depending on porch. On to find out how to attach the ledger board is correctly,. However, you should use a rim joist of a double brick two storey house your intersects. First board would be positioned within 1/2 '' lags are staggered along length! Of three methods an addition, garage, porch or slightly wider, depending on your porch design goes! Use aluminum … brick flashing Basic Tips step 1 Mark a line the! With six Strong-Drive SD Connector screws ( provided ) it to be high... Use a rim joist of a double brick two storey house done while house! One-Story house, it ’ s time to add the flashing or metal between! Board against the upper bolt connection methods, properly installed flashing covers the between!